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From antibodies to dysphagia, living with MS can feel like you're learning a whole new language! It may feel overwheelming at times but getting clued up on these terms can be very helpful when it comes to having positive conversations with your doctors, nurses and other healthcare professionals.
Translate tricky MS terms using our handy MS dictionary:
Taste buds in a tangle? Meet ageusia.
Protein that keeps your bloodstream moving.
Don’t like people being all up in your face?
The immune system malfunction linked to hair loss.
The secret to defending against bacteria and viruses.
Unsteady on your feet? Learn more about ataxia.
When the immune system gets a bit confused...
The middle men of the nervous system, often impacted by MS.
A test for MS which focusses feet first.
The different measures of MS activity and progression.
When the link between nerves and bladder goes wrong.
Protecting your brain from viruses and harm, 24/7.
We all need something to fill the space between our ears... right?
AKA cog fog, difficulties in keeping thoughts straight.
Often the kindest, coolest people on earth!
The CNS – the conductor of our bodies’ orchestras.
Our brains’ mission control panel – it’s amazing!
A categorization for long-term illnesses.
Breaking ground in science to bring new kinds of care.
A one-off ‘attack’ of the body’s own immune system.
AKA brain fog, difficulties in keeping thoughts straight.
A slight decline in memory often linked to MS.
An x-ray of the entire body to help pinpoint MS symptoms.
The name for health conditions that worsen over time.
The eroding of the nerve fibers’ protective coating.
Diplopi-huh?!? Don’t sweat, it’s also known as double vision.
The kinds of treatments that can help slow MS progression.
Seeing double? That could be linked to your MS.
The slurring of speech caused by trouble controlling muscles.
Caused by abnormalities in the spinal cord.
Two left feet? Dysmetria can affect the arms too.
Trouble swallowing food, water or saliva.
Problems co-ordinating throat and mouth muscles.
The less ‘catchy’ term for Multiple Sclerosis.
A.K.A the ‘kissing disease’ could be linked to MS.
The impact of MS symptom relapses.
A neurological exam to help assess the MS care needed.
More than just tiredness, fatigue often strikes thanks to MS.
When MS symptoms re-appear after a quiet period.
The clue’s in the name, but what’s the link to MS?
A medical compound to help identify new lesions
Your strut, your walk… sometimes impacted by MS.
The darker tissue of the brain and spinal cord.
A reduction in ability to detect sweet, sour, or salty tastes.
When the immune system attacks healthy cells.
Maybe not fun to talk about, but important to know what to do…
Fluid accumulation to protect the body from further harm.
A kind of MS treatment where medicines are injected.
An area of damage on tissue caused by injury or disease
A common procedure to help diagnose MS.
The key tool in helping identify MS lesions.
More than just hippie grass, it’s been linked to helping MS symptoms.
MS, Multiple Sclerosis… what’s in a name?
Multiple MS cases occurring over a short period of time or in one location.
Breaking down the link between genes and MS
Not so friendly, it’s a band of pain around your torso.
A questionnaire to help measure QoL with MS.
Trouble moving around in daily life.
The protective wrapping for our nerve fibres.
The insulation space that protects nerve fibers.
Co-ordinates all your actions, both voluntary and involuntary.
Conditions characterized by progressive nervous system dysfunction.
Clever scientists specializing in the nervous system.
They process and transmit nerve impulses throughout the body.
A way for doctors to evaluate MS symptoms.
Up and down in the night going to the bathroom?
The king or queen of helping you navigate daily activities.
The eye specialist who helps with MS-related vision issues.
The attack of the optic nerve by the body’s immune system.
Burning, prickling, tingling… it could be Paraesthesia.
Your go-to for help with mobility, balance and posture.
Damaged tissue that stops signals travelling round the body.
A rare virus linked to MS involving progressive brain damage.
Worsening symptoms from the get-go, with no relapses or remission.
A rare kind of MS affecting just 5% of the population.
A phrase you might hear from your medical team.
Flare up of new MS symptoms, or the return of old ones.
The most common kind of MS; symptoms flare and quiet.
Ahhhh, the most beautiful word in the MS language.
Repair of nerve fibres to help messages travel round the body.
The second phase of Multiple Sclerosis.
Being open about the impact of MS between the sheets.
Feel like you can’t catch Zz’s? Learn about sleep apnea.
Involuntary muscle spasms, usually in the legs.
Experts to help with speech and swallowing issues.
Shaking symptoms often linked to MS.
The feeling of acute pain in the face.
Knowing what causes symptom flares can help keep them under control.
The link between body temperature & MS symptoms.
Whether dizzy spells or the room spinning, vertigo can be linked to MS.
A core part of the brain made up of axons.
The highlight of the year! Do you know its purpose?
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